Political Chronology 2009
Emergency situation and grave hostilities following conflict between Hamas regime and Israel. Uncertain classification, but likely state of emergency and lack of effective politial activity.
Civilian and “democratic” government elected and installed. Headed by Sheikh Hasina and Awami League. Following massive election success.
“Normalisation” as ceasefire comes in force. Withdrawal of israeli forces.
Coalition agreement between MDC and ZANU-PF re-concluded. Unity government expected take office on February 11. Confirmed as Tsvangirai is sworn in. See below
Transitional Parliament expanded to include islamist opposition. Sharif Ahmed elected and installed President, preparing forming of unity government. This will consolidate a interim status. Even though parliamentarian in practise, Somalia will not be considered as such before real elections are held.
New constitution for Falkland Islands in force. Transferring authorities from governor to Executive council, thereby ”strengthening democracy”.
President Vieira killed in military revolt. Successive administration uncertain at this point, rebels or government in control.
President of National Assembly,Raismunda Pereira, takes according to constitution over as provisional president of Guinea-Bissau. Fresh elections in 60 days to presidency is called.
Dramatic revolt by opposition and army forces president Ravalomanana to resign. Opposition leader Rajoelina takes over in provisional government. Unclear whether this should be seen as a coup or transition to provisional government. Likely Interim stattus, possibly Semi-Revolutionary.
Presidential elections in Algeria heavily dominated by incumbent President Bouteflika. Opposition further marginalised, making a transition of status in Algeria from limited democracy to Semi-Authoritarian.
President Ilola restores military government following rejecting a verdict from Supreme court, declaring military regime unlawful. Fiji is by this in a form of martial law as government declares themselves above law.
Normalisation as Jacob Zuma is elected and installed official President, replacing provisional administration of Mothlanthe.
Normalisation as National Assembly is restored following General election. Replacing constituent assembly. Significant presidential powers remained following constitutional changes.
President Tandja dissolves parliament following court refusal to stand for new term or try constitutional change in referendum. Due to this the President has assumed strengthen/extraordinary powers, however with some democratic legitimacy.
Election held to assembly in South Ossetia. As this convenes there will become a partial decentralisation from a status previously with much limited parliamentary control of the executive.
Parliamentarian elections concludes The Maldives transition to a genuine democracy. By this both executive and legislature is elected according to democratic standards.
Increased Home Rule making Greenland a de facto independent state takes effect on June 21. A newly elected government is to implement the outcome of the referendum late 2008, mandating Greenland with nearly full sovereignity on internal affairs. Foreign and defence matters maintained in danish control.
Death of President and dictator Omar Bongo. Provisional government led by Guy Nzouba-Ndama takes office.
State of emergency declared by Somali president due to increasing fightings with rebel militia. De Facto Martial law and ineffective governance.
President Mammadou Tandja assumes extraordinary and emergency powers as he once more is refused to stand for new term. Virtual absolute power as parliament is dissolved, pending new elections.
Coup d’etat. President Manuel Zelaya is deposed by army and supreme court. Following attempt to seek second term in office, and holding of referendum.
In constitutional order.The President of congress, Roberto Micheletti assumes office as provisional president of Honduras. Greeted by congress and promises planned presidential elections to be held as planned.
Military leader Abdelaziz wins presidential election, paving the way for restored democratic order. Election criticised by opposition as illegitimate, but lacks evidence of fraud. Interim status in force until installation of President. Previous status unclear, since unlawful military leadership possibly ruled with existing legitimate parliament ?
Mohammed Ould Abdelaziz installed as president. Normalisation of democratic system in Mauritania, though disputed by opposition election is considered as generally free and democratic.
Normalisation. Malam Bacai Sanha installed as democratic president of Guinea-Bissau following elections.
|Agreement concluded between Rajoelina and former president Ravalomananina on forminga provisional unity government_____________________________________________________________________________________________________8996
Turks and Caicos islands
Falkland Islands: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/politics/7713948.stm
South Africa: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/8018601.stm
Thailand: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8015633.stm (unofficial change)
South Ossetia: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/8076780.stm